From this science, we are able to approximate the date at which the organism were living on Earth.
Radiocarbon dating is used in many fields to learn information about the past conditions of organisms and the environments present on Earth.
The unstable or more commonly known radioactive isotopes break down by radioactive decay into other isotopes.
Radioactive decay is a natural process and comes from the atomic nucleus becoming unstable and releasing bits and pieces.
Emilio Segrè asserted in his autobiography that Enrico Fermi suggested the concept to Libby at a seminar in Chicago that year.
Libby estimated that the steady-state radioactivity concentration of exchangeable carbon-14 would be about 14 disintegrations per minute (dpm) per gram.
From that point on, scientist have used these techniques to examine fossils, rocks, and ocean currents and determine age and event timing.
In 1940 Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben at the University of California, Berkeley Radiation Laboratory did just that.
Although it may be seen as outdated, many labs still use Libby's half-life in order to stay consistent in publications and calculations within the laboratory.
From the discovery of Carbon-14 to radiocarbon dating of fossils, we can see what an essential role Carbon has played and continues to play in our lives today.
Radiocarbon dating (usually referred to simply as carbon-14 dating) is a radiometric dating method.
It uses the naturally occurring radioisotope carbon-14 (14C) to estimate the age of carbon-bearing materials up to about 58,000 to 62,000 years old. Carbon-14 has a relatively short half-life of 5,730 years, meaning that the fraction of carbon-14 in a sample is halved over the course of 5,730 years due to radioactive decay to nitrogen-14.