However, within this broader scheme, local police departments have a crucial role to play. By concentrating on components of the problem that occur within their local jurisdictions, they may uncover evidence that initiates a wider investigation. The first federal law concerning child pornography was passed in 1978, and the first laws that specifically referred to computers and child pornography were passed in 1988.
Therefore, most of the major investigations of Internet child pornography have involved cooperation among jurisdictions, often at an international level. In some cases, the same people are involved in each stage. “Internet Addiction Order.” Interpersonal Computing and Technology 6:1–2. However, some producers and/or distributors of child pornography are motivated solely by financial gain and are not themselves sexually attracted to children. Collectors place a premium on new child pornography material. One study found that 56 percent of arrests for Internet child pornography crimes originated from non-specialized law enforcement agencies. Internet child pornography is only one of a number of problems related to either child abuse or the Internet. Bryant, eds., Pornography: Research Advances & Policy Considerations. Other related problems not directly addressed by this guide include: § See the POP Guide on Identity Theft.